Custody takes Guardianship one step further and grants to the custodian the physical day to day care and control of the child. However, where one Parental Guardian has custody of the child, the other Parental Guardian is generally entitled to be consulted about any matter affecting the child welfare.
Custody & Access may be granted to the father without him being a Guardian. Furthermore, his duty to maintain his child also does not depend on him being a Guardian.
Where a natural father has been appointed as a Guardian, the child may not be adopted without his consent.
Where one parent wishes to remove the chid from the jurisdiction either temporarily or permanently, an application must be made to the Court to dispense with any Access Orders that may be in place or, if consent is not forthcoming from the other Parental Guardian, to seek recourse to the Courts.
Grandparents are also entitled to seek Access to grandchildren under Section 11(b) of the Guardianship of Infants Act 1964 to 1997. This is independent of any rights that a natural father or mother may have in relation to Access.